Symposium 6th World Congress on Positive Psychology 2019

Flow, Culture, And Psychological Well-Being: In What Situations Do Japanese College Students Experience Flow? (#411)

Kiyoshi Asakawa 1
  1. Intercultural Communication, Hosei University, Tokyo, Japan

612 Japanese college students participated in a study which aimed to investigate cultural aspects of the flow experience and its effects on their psychological well-being.  Students’ frequency of experiencing flow was measured by a modified version of flow questionnaire.  In addition, types of flow activities (social – individual), construal of the self (interdependent – independent), self-esteem, anxiety, attentional preoccupation (self – external), self-affirmation, and Jujitsu-kan (Japanese sense of fulfillment) were also measured.  A correlational analysis showed no association between the frequency of flow and the construal of the self score (the higher the score, the more likely independent self the student had).  However, students who experienced flow more often in their daily lives were more likely to report that they experienced flow more in social activities, rather than individual activities, as compared to those who experienced less flow.  Moreover, they were more likely to show lower anxiety and higher levels of self-esteem, external preoccupation, self-affirmation, and Jujitsu-kan (which has been suggested to involve the existence of others in its induction process).  Subscales of self-affirmation and Jujitsu-kan scales were designed to evaluate interpersonal aspects of individuals’ behavioral and psychological attitudes.  Implications of these findings were discussed from a Japanese cultural perspective.