Poster Presentation 6th World Congress on Positive Psychology 2019

Differential Effects Of The Time Perspective On Global Precedence (#648)

so jeong Kim 1 2 , Young Sook Chong 1 2 , GoEun Lee 1 2
  1. Pusan National University, Busan, GEUMJEONG-GU, South Korea
  2. BK21 Cultivation Group of Psychological Designers for the Well-aging and Happiness in Preparation for the Upcoming Aging Society, Pusan, South Korea

This study was conducted to investigate differences in visual attention range in different time perspectives. ZTPI was administered to 527 participants to distinguish two independent groups. Based on the negative correlations between the future orientation time perspective and the present hedonistic time perspective, 20 participants were selected for each group. The global precedence effect was measured in the experimental conditions in which the stimulus type and stimulus-stimulus qualities were systematically manipulated in the selected two groups of participants. Experimental results show that there is no difference in the global precedence effect between the complex character and the complex geometry, In the case of stimuli corresponding to complex characters, the precedence effect of the future orientation time group was greater than the present hedonistic time group. Also, the main effect of the global precedence effect was significant in stimulation-stimulus disagreement condition compared to stimulus-stimulus qualification condition. In the stimulation-stimulus disagreement condition, the global precedence effect of the future orientation time gaze group was greater than the present hedonistic time gaze group. These results confirm that future orientation time perspective can have a larger global precedence effect and suggest that visual attention range may be changed according to time perspective of individual.