In Japan, the world's largest aging country, the shortage of caregivers is becoming a problem. The turnover rate is high. The top 5 reasons behind leaving jobs fall under PERMA. Therefore, we think using PERMA and establishing a "happy nursing-care system" where elderly people and nursing-care workers feel happy can lower the turnover rate and be sustainable.
We’ll analyze the reasons behind leaving the jobs and clarify its relations with PERMA. By using the design-thinking process and PERMA, we can create a new way of nursing-care for the elderly people. Then we’ll analyze the degree of subjective happiness, positive and negative emotions of the elderly by using ideas obtained "four happiness factors" at nursing-care facilities.
As a result of designing "happy elderly-care" using PERMA, "Care Hula Dance" was born. It was carried out to 8000 patients at 400 facilities. In the questionnaire to users it was found out the subjective happiness level and positive emotions has significantly increased, and the negative emotions has decreased.Questionnaire to the staff, we’ve got responses such as "I felt the pleasure of working" "I could reconsider the meaning of work". It turned out that using PERMA for elderly-care proved to be effective.